The Communist Manifesto

The Communist Manifesto

One of the world’s most influential political manuscripts. Commissioned by the Communist League and written by communist theorists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, it laid out the League’s purposes and program. It presents an analytical approach to the class struggle (historical and present) and the problems of capitalism, rather than a prediction of communism’s potential future forms.–Wikipedia


In societies throughout history, we observe complex social structures with hierarchies and diverse classes. Ancient Rome had patricians, knights, plebeians, and slaves, while the Middle Ages saw feudal lords, vassals, guild-masters, journeymen, apprentices, and serfs. Even within these classes, there were further divisions. However, the emergence of modern bourgeois society did not eliminate class conflicts. Instead, it gave rise to new classes, forms of oppression, and struggles. In our current epoch, marked by the dominance of the bourgeoisie, society is increasingly divided into two opposing camps: the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The bourgeoisie originated from the serfs of the Middle Ages, evolving into chartered burghers and eventually becoming the earliest elements of the bourgeoisie we know today.


The Communist Manifesto

by – Karl Marx 

       Frederick Engels





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